A stroke is one of the most preventable of all life-threatening health problems. Some risk factors are controllable and others are not. With proper attention to your controllable risk factors, the impact of uncontrollable ones can be greatly reduced.
- Get regular medical check-ups
- Know the warning signs of a stroke
- Follow your doctor’s medication and treatment orders carefully, especially if you have high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease. Do not change, add or stop medication without consulting your doctor.
- If you have atrial fibrillation (AFib), work with your doctor to control it. AFib can cause blood to collect in the chambers of your heart, form clots and cause a stroke.
- Stop smoking. Smoking doubles the risk for stroke.
- If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
- Control your weight.
- Check and control your cholesterol level and salt intake.
- Follow a healthy diet plan.
- Get regular exercise.
- Learn to handle stress with relaxation techniques.
- Use birth control pills with caution, especially if you smoke or have migraine headaches.