A stroke is one of the most preventable of all life-threatening health problems. Some risk factors are controllable and others (such as age, family history, race and sex) are not. Help reduce your stroke risk:
Get regular medical check-ups.
Know the warning signs of a stroke. If you or someone near you shows these signs, call 911 right away.
Follow your doctor’s medication and treatment orders carefully, especially if you have high blood pressure, diabetes or heart disease. Don’t change, add or stop medication without talking to your doctor.
If you have atrial fibrillation (A-Fib), work with your doctor to control it.
If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
Control your weight.
Check and control your cholesterol levels.
Follow a healthy eating plan, including monitoring sodium intake.
Get regular exercise.
Learn to manage stress.
Talk to your doctor about using birth control pills with caution, especially if you smoke or have migraine headaches.